(i) Biblical God curses all women

The women have been belittled, humiliated and denigrated by the
following verse of the Holy Bible, in which Biblical God has cursed
all women that He will multiply their sorrow and they will endure
pain of child-birth and that their husbands shall rule over them
because of their no fault but that of their first grandmother Eve
eating the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden.  Will any educated
woman believe in and approve of being ruled by her husband as
declared by Biblical God in Bible ? Here is the relevant verse :

43. "16. Unto the woman he (God) said, 1 will greatly multiply thy
sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children;
and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee."

- Genesis, 3/16
That is why in nineteenth century some Christian priests opposed the
use of anesthetics at the time of child-birth on the plea that it
would amount to the transgression of the so called divine will under
which woman must endure pain of child-birth.  It was only when Queen
Victoria had anestheties at the time of her child-birth, that it was
allowed to be used commonly.  In this connection Bertrand Russell,
the renowned philosopher, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for
literature in 1950, writes :

"One occasion for the logical intervention to prevent the mitigation
of human suffering was the discovery of anaesthetics. Simpson in 1847
recommended their use in child birth, and was immediately reminded by
the clergy that God said to Eve (Bible, Genesis, III: 16) : `In
sorrow shalt thou bring forth children.'"

- Bertrand Russell
Christian priests condemn birth control.  In their opinion, women are
machines to produce more and more children to increase the population
of their co-religionists.  Bertrand Russell states :

"Most of clergymen condemn birth control None of them condemns the
brutality of a husband who causes his wife to die of too frequent
pregnancies.  I knew a fashionable clergyman whose wife had nine
children in nine years.  The doctors told him that if she had another
she would die.  Next year she had another and died. No one
condemned,. he retained his benefice and married again."48

- Bertrand Russell
"The second century St. Clement of Alexandria wrote :
Every woman should be filled with shame by the thought that she is a
- St Clement
Lutherans at Wittenberg debated whether women were really human
beings at all.50
(ii) Woman was created for man, not man for woman

The New Testament states that originally man did not spring from
woman, but woman was made out of man, and that woman was not created
for woman's sake, but for the sake of man.

44. "8. For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man."
- I Corinthians, 11/8
45. "9. Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for
the man."

- I Corinthians, 11/9
In 1977, Pope Paul VI explained :

"Women were barred from the priesthood because our Lord was a man."51

- Pope Paul VI
(iii) Christ is the head of man, but not of woman

The New Testament states that the head of every man is Christ, but he
is not the head of woman.  She is headed by man, not Christ.  It
indicates that woman does not enjoy equal status according to Holy
Bible.  Here is the relevant text :

46. "3. But I would have you know, that the head of every man is
Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ
is God."

- I Corinthians, 11/3
(iv) Women must remain under domination of men

The New Testament ordains women to remain under domination of men. 
They should not teach, nor usurp authority over men, but to remain in
silence with all subjection.  Read the following five verses :

47. "11.  Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection."
- I Timothy, 2/11
48. "12. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority
over the man, but to he in silence."

- I Timothy, 2/12
49. "13. For Adam was First formed, then Eve."

- I Timothy, 2/13
50. "14. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was
in the transgression."

- I Timothy, 2/14
51. "24. Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so let the
wives be to their own husbands in every thing."

- Ephesians, 5/24
When Christian monks in the fourth century hacked the great scholar
Hypatia to death with oyster shells, St. Cyril explained that it was
because she was an iniquitous (wicked) female who had presumed,
against God's commandments, to teach men.52

Elizabeth Cady Stanton observes :

"I know of no other book (barring the Bible) that so fully teaches
the subjection and degradation of woman."
- Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(v) Submission of wives to husbands

Again the New Testament declares that God considers it as fit and
proper that wives should submit themselves to their own husbands. 
Here is the text :

52. "18. Wives, submit yourselves unto your own Husbands, as it is
fit in the Lord."
- Colossians, 3/18
It is a matter of agony and amazement that the State has played the
role of agent and slave of the Church in subjugation of woman.  In
this connection Ms Matilda Joslyn Gage, an American writer, states :

"The State, agent and slave of the Church, has so long united with it
in suppression of woman's intelligence, has so long preached of power
to man alone, that it has created an inherited tendency, an inborn
line of thought toward repression."53

- Matilda Joslyn Gage
Dante (1265-1321), the greatest poet of Italy, continuously fought
against the political aggression of the Papacy.  In this connection,
John Bond, the noted American journalist, writes

"The great poet Dante, a thoroughly orthodox Catholic, consistently
fought against the political aggression and against the wild claims
of the Papacy.  Consequently he was driven into perpetual exile and
condemned to `be burnt until dead' in case of capture.  His famous
book exposing the falsity of the Papal pretences in the forum of
reason and history was ordered burned by the public hangman.  A Roman
cardinal of that day issued an order to open Dante k tomb and have
the body tied to the stake and given to the flames as that of a
heretic.  The order was never executed because the friends of the
great poet interfered."54

- John Bond
(vi) Women not permitted to speak in Churches

According to law laid down in the New Testament, women are not
permitted to speak in Churches.  If they want to learn any thing,
they may ask their husbands at home, for it is a matter of shame for
women to speak in the Church.  Here is the Biblical text in this
connection :

53. "34. Let your women keep silence in the churches; for it is not
permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under
obedience, as also saith the law."

- I Corinthians 14/34

54. "35. And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their
husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the

- I Corinthians. 14/35
Will the educated women believe in and approve of the above text ? If
not, let them raise voice emphatically.

The women in England were not permitted to read the Holy Bible for a
long time.  In this connection Ms Matilda Joslyn Gage writes :

"For a long period after the reformation, English women were not
permitted to read the Bible, a statute of the Eighth Henry
prohibiting `women and others of low degree' from its use."55

- Matilda Joslyn Gage
(vii) Woman, not man, must cover her head during prayer

The New Testament admonishes men not to cover their heads while
praying, but for women the admonition is different.  They should
cover their heads during prayer.  The Holy Bible further ordains that
if a woman does not cover her head during prayer, she dishonours her
head and looks as if she is shaven.  The next Biblical command for a
woman is more strict.  It says that if a woman does not cover her
head, while praying, let her be shorn.  But if she feels ashamed to
be shorn or shaven, then let her cover her head.  Let us read the
following three verses in this matter :

55. "4. Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered,
dishonoureth his head."

- I Corinthians, 11/4

56. "5. But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head
uncovered dishonoureth her head; for that is even all one as if she
were shaven."

- I Corinthians, 11/5

57. "6. For if the woman be not covered, let her also be shorn; but
if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be

- I Corinthians, 11/6
(viii) Test for unfaithful wife by making her drink bitter water

Holy Bible prescribes test for faithless wife as under : "If a wife
is suspected of faithlessness by her husband, she will be brought
before the priest.  The priest will put her to test by making her
drink water, which causes curse.  If the woman is defiled and has
committed the sin of having sexual intercourse with the man other
than her husband, the water will make her belly swell and her thigh
shall rot." Here is the text :

58. "20. But if thou hast gone aside to another instead of thy
husband, and if thou be defiled, and some man have lain with thee
beside thine husband;" 

- Numbers 5/20

59. "21. Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of
cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The Lord make thee
a curse and an oath among thy people, when the Lord doth make thy
thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell;"

- Numbers, 5/21

60. "22. And this water that causeth the curse shall go into thy
bowels, to make thy belly to swell, and thy thigh to rot; And the
woman shall say, Amen, amen."

- Numbers, 5/22

61. "27. And when he bath made her to drink the water, then it shall
come to pass, that, if she be defiled, and have done trespass against
her husband, that the water that causeth the curse shall enter into
her, and become bitter, and her belly shall swell, and her thigh
shall rot; and the woman shall be a curse among her people."

- Numbers, 5/27
Why did Biblical God not institute similar test for unfaithful
husband ? The above four verses indicate the partiality of Biblical
God and injustice to women.  When will the women awaken from sound
slumber and raise their strong protest against their denigration and
humiliation in the name of religion ?

(ix) Does woman have a soul ?

Not only the Church, but also the State denied that woman possesses a
soul.  Matilda Joslyn Gage writes :

"As early as the sixth century a council at Macon (585) fifty-nine
bishops taking part, devoted its time to a discussion of this
question, `Does woman possess a soul ?' Until time of Peter the
Great, women were not recognized as human beings in that great
division of Christendom known as the Greek church, the census of that
empire counting only males, or so many `souls' -no woman named. 
Traces of this old belief have not been found wanting in our own
country within the century.  As late as the Woman's Rights Convention
in Philadelphia, 1854, an objector in the audience cried out : `Let
women first prove they have souls; both the Church and the State deny
it.' "56

- Matilda Joslyn Gage
(x) Biblical law of divorce humiliates woman 

Biblical law of divorce renders sheer injustice and atrocity to a
woman.  According to Holy Bible, if a husband is displeased with his
wife, he can divorce her instantly, simply by giving a letter of
divorcement in her hand and asking her to get out of his house.  But
Holy Bible does not authorise a wife to divorce her husband.  The
Holy Bible renders another injustice to a woman by making a law that
if the divorced wife becomes another man's wife, and if he too hates
her and divorces her in the same manner, she cannot go back to her
former husband, because she is defiled.  The Holy Bible emphatically
states that such re-marriage of twice-divorced wife with previous
husband is abominable before God, and the land where such re-marriage
takes place commits sin.  Read the following four verses in this
connection :

62. "1. When a man bath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to
pass that she rind no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some
uncleanness in her; then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and
give it in her hand, and send her out of his house."

- Deuteronomy, 24/1
63. "2. And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be
another man's wife."

- Deuteronomy, 24/2

64. "3. And if the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of
divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his
house; or if the latter husband die, which took her to be his wife;"

- Deuteronomy, 24/3

65. "4. Her former husband, which sent her away, may not take her
again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that is
abomination before the Lord; and thou shalt not cause the land to
sin, which the Lord thy God giveth thee for an inheritance."

- Deuteronomy, 24/4
(xi) Could a Christian husband release himself from marriage bond by
killing his wife ?

Ms. Matilda Joslyn Gage, one of the renowned researchers of America,
authoritatively answers the above question in affirmative.  She
states :

"An examination of history proves that in Christian Russia as in
Christian England the husband could release himself from the marriage
bond by killing his wife, over whom under Christian law he had power
of life and death. Her children, as to-day in Christian England and
America, are not under her control; she is to bear children but not
to educate them, for as under Catholic and Protestant Christianity,
women are looked upon as a lower order of beings, of an unclean

- Matilda Joslyn Gage
George W. Foote opines :

"It will yet be the proud boast of woman that she never contributed a
line to the Bible."58

- George W. Foote
Helen Gardner states :

"Women are indebted today for their emancipation from a position of
hopeless degradation, not to their religion nor to Jehovah, but to
the justice and honor of the men who have defied his commands.  That
she does not crouch today where St. Paul tried to bind her, she owes
to the men who are grand and brave enough to ignore St. Paul, and
rise superior to his God."59

- Helen Gardner


Despite antiquity of Vedas, they preach the most modern and the most
progressive thoughts.  Woman enjoys high position at home as well as
society according to Vedas.  Both man and woman enjoy equal rights. 
For husband and wife, Vedas make mention of one word dmpaita which
means two masters of one house.  Not only husband, but also his wife
is equal owner of the house.  Both enjoy the same prestige, power and
position.  None is subordinate to the other.  To say that wife is
servant or slave to husband is not okayed by Vedas.  The performance
of yajna is considered to be complete only when both husband and wife
sit together.  Woman enjoys the same right as man, to study and
preach the sublime philosophy of Vedas.

According to Vedic religion, marriage is a union of two souls
enjoying constant peace and prosperity at home.  It entitles woman to
enjoy permanent safety, security, serenity and sovereignty at home. 
Marriage is not a temporary social contract which can be broken at
any time at the whim and caprice of either party.  In accordance with
Vedic religion, marriage ensures woman to be the wife and mistress at
the house for full span of life of a hundred years.  When Aryan bride-
groom brings his newly-wedded bride to his house, he addresses her at
the time of her first entrance in her house as under

pa`bauQyasva saubauQaa bauQyamaanaa dIGaa-yautvaaya SataSaardaya |
gaRhana\ gacC gaRhpatnaI yaqaasaao dIGa-M ta Aayau: saivataa
kRxNaaotau ||
                      Aqava-vaod 14275
Remain awake
As intelligent and alert woman
Enjoying full life of a hundred years.
Enter the house as its ideal mistress,
May the Creator bestow on thee
Long life.
                      - Atharva Veda 14/2/75

Wedding ceremonies performed in accordance with Vedic religion bind
the bride and bride-groom in spiritual ties of love and liberty,
equality and integrity, purity and piety.  They become one soul
living in two bodies. Nuptial relations guaranteed by Vedic religion
are based on spiritualism rather than materialism, love rather than
lust.  The following mantra in which bride-groom addresses his bride
at the time of wedding, categorically illustrates the inseparable
union between the two :

Amaao#hmaisma saa tvaM saamaahmasmyaRk\x tvaM VaOrhM paRiqavaI tvama\
taaivah saM Bavaava pa`jaamaa janayaavahO |
                      Aqava-vaod 14271
I am what thou art 
Thou art what I am, 
I am the psalm 
And thou art the verse,
I am the heaven
And thou art the earth,
May we live together
To produce progeny.
                      - Atharva Veda 14/2/71

The hand that rocks the cradle, can rock the entire nation. History
is a witness that fall of huge empires has been, to a great extent,
due to degradation of women-folk.  The first inspiring teacher of man
is his mother who shapes his future and makes his destiny.  Nation is
made of individuals who owe their rise to the teachings of their
mothers.  Hence progress of nation depends upon the development of
women.  They are the truest builders of the nation.  That is why an
Aryan mother announces with pride and privilege in the following
mantra of Rig Veda that she is glory of her nation, prop of her
society and pillar of her community

AhM koxtaurhM maUQaa-hmauga`a ivavaacanaI |
mamaodnau tauM paita: saohanaayaa {paacarota\ ||
                      Pgvaod 101592
I am the banner 
I am the head 
I possess excellent eloquence; 
My husband co-operates with me 
And follows my will.
                      - Rig Veda 10/159/2

That is why Shri Manu, the first apostle of equality, liberty and
fraternity in the world, held the women in high esteem.  According to
him woman enjoys loftier position than that enjoyed by man.  It is
woman who elevates and exalts the nation.  He speaks of honoured and
exalted status of woman in his following utterance :

ya~a naaya-stau paUjyantao rmantao ta~a dovataa: |
The enlightened souls enjoy life with ecstasy 
Where women are honoured.
                      - Manu